Land and Property Services (LPS)
LPS in Northern Ireland has incorporated Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland (OSNI) into its organisation and produces mapping for Northern Ireland with the OSNI branding.
Further information on the LPS
Learning Partnership Area
104 Learning Partnerships (originally 101) were set up across England in 1999 to promote lifelong learning opportunities and maximise the contribution of learning to local regeneration. The Learning Partnerships each cover one or more local education authorities (LEA), with the exception of the Essex, Lancashire and Nottinghamshire LEAs, which have each been divided into two Learning Partnerships.
Further information about Learning Partnership Areas
In terms of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a line is a feature whose general shape is defined by a set of coordinates in sequence, for example, a street or river.
Line in Polygon
Line in polygon is an overlay operation used in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). It is used to determine whether a given line crosses or lies inside a given polygon (area). For example, it could be used to determine whether a major road crosses a particular electoral ward.
Local Administrative Unit (LAU)
Local administrative units (LAU), level 1 and 2 are the European Union statistical units that replaced the former Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), level 4 and 5 areas on 11 July 2003.
Further information on NUTS and LAUs
Local Authority (LA)
Local authority (LA) is a generic term for any level of local government in the UK. In geographic terms, LAs include English counties, non-metropolitan districts, metropolitan districts, unitary authorities and London boroughs; Welsh unitary authorities; Scottish council areas; and Northern Ireland district council areas.
Local Authority District (LAD)
LAD is a generic term used to cover London boroughs, metropolitan districts, unitary authorities and non-metropolitan districts in England; unitary authorities in Wales; council areas in Scotland; and district council areas in Northern Ireland.
Further information on London boroughs
Further information on metropolitan districts
Further information on council areas
Further information on district council areas
Further information on non-metropolitan districts
Further information on unitary authorities
Local Commisioning Groups (LCG)
Local commissioning groups (LCG) were initially sub-committees of the new Health and Social Care Board (HSCB) in Northern Ireland. They are coterminous with the five health and social care trusts (HSCT) and are named exactly the same, although the codes are different. The HSCTs provide health and social services at the primary care level.
Further information on local commissioning groups
Local Education Authority (LEA)
Prior to 1 April 2009, local education authorities (LEA) were the bodies responsible for the local administration of state-sector education services in England and Wales. In those parts of England that still had counties, there was one LEA for each county - for example Cumbria LEA and Devon LEA. Otherwise there was one LEA in each unitary authority, metropolitan district or London borough. The Isles of Scilly also had their own LEA. The statutory duties of LEAs are now undertaken by the director of children's services, whose responsibilities also include Children's Social Services (CSS). The Children Act 2004 required every London borough, metropolitan district, top-tier local authority (county) or unitary authority in England to appoint a director of children's services. Additionally the Education and Inspections Act 2006 includes a clause that allows for the future renaming of LEAs as local authorities in all legislation, removing the anomaly of one local authority being known as an LEA and a children's services authority.
Further information on local education authorities
Local Enterprise Company (LEC)
Local enterprise companies (LEC) were government-funded bodies that aimed to foster local economic growth and development in Scotland. There were 22 LECs that covered the whole of Scotland. LECs were abolished in September 2007 and replaced with enterprise regions (ER).
Further information on the local enterprise companies
Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP)
Local enterprise partnerships (LEP) in England are partnerships between local authorities and businesses. They decide what the priorities should be for investment in roads, buildings and facilities in the area. LEPs were given the chance to apply to have an enterprise zone and 24 were awarded. These zones can take advantage of tax incentives and simplified local planning regulations. So far 39 local enterprise partnerships have been created.
Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE)
The Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE) was established on 1 April 2010 and replaced the Boundary Committee for England (BCE). The LGBCE is responsible for conducting reviews of the structure of local government, the external boundaries of local authorities and the local authority electoral arrangements in England.
Further information on the LGBCE
Local Government Boundary Commission for Scotland (LGBCS)
The Local Government Boundary Commission for Scotland (LGBCS) is responsible for reviewing the local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Scotland.
Further information on the LGBCS
Local Government Boundary Commission for Wales (LGBCW)
The Local Government Boundary Commission for Wales (LGBCW) is responsible for reviewing the local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Wales.
Further information on the LGBCW
Local Government Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland (LGBC-NI)
The Local Government Boundary Commission for Northern Ireland (LGBC-NI) is responsible for reviewing local government boundaries and electoral arrangements in Northern Ireland.
Further information on the LGBC-NI
Local Government District (LGD)
Local Government Reorganisation (LGR)
This is the collective term describing the extensive changes to local government structure that occurred in England, Scotland and Wales between 1995 and 1998. In 2009 there was another LGR in England, which abolished seven non-metropolitan counties and created ten new unitary authorities. In 2010, Two new unitary authorities that were to be created in 2011 (Exeter and Norwich) were revoked by parliament.
Further information on the LGR and other recent local government changes in the UK.
Local Health Board (LHB)
On 1 October 2009 the local health boards (LHB) in Wales were reorganised: the existing 22 LHBs were merged into seven. Each LHB covers one or more unitary authority. They are responsible for local health administration in Wales and were originally established as part of the restructuring of NHS Wales in April 2003. Each LHB reports to the appropriate Regional Office of the NHS Wales Department of the National Assembly.
Further information on Welsh health Geographies
Local Health Group (LHG)
Local health groups (LHG) were responsible for local health administration in Wales prior to their replacement by local health boards (LHB) in April 2003. There was one LHG in each of the 22 unitary authorities (UA); the LHGs reported to health authorities (HA).
Further information on Welsh health geographies
Local Health and Social Care Group (LHSCG)
The 15 local health and social care groups (LHSCG) were abolished on 30 September 2006. They were responsible for the planning and delivery of primary and community care in Northern Ireland and reported to the health and social services boards (HSSB).
Further information on Northern Irish health geography
Local Land and Property Gazetteer (LLPG)
The Local Land and Property Gazetteer (LLPG) is a land and property database maintained by a local authority.
See also: National Land and Property Gazetteer
Local Learning and Skills Council (LLSC)
The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) was abolished on 31 March 2010. It was responsible for funding and planning post-16 education and training in England. The LSC had 47 local offices, known as local learning and skills councils (LLSC). LLSC areas had a variety of local-authority-based constitutions and covered the whole of England.
Further information on local learning and skills council
London Assembly Constituency (LAC)
The above constituencies (formally known as the Greater London Authority Assembly constituencies) were created in May 2000. There are currently 14 London Assembly constituencies, each consisting of groupings of either two or three London boroughs. They are used to elect members to the London Assembly which is part of the Greater London Authority (GLA).
Further information on the GLA and Assembly constituencies
The London boroughs are the local government areas within Greater London. The borough councils are unitary administrations with a status similar to metropolitan districts, but are also affected by any policies implemented by the Greater London Authority (GLA). There are 32 London boroughs, but the City of London (which has a different legal status) is often considered as a borough for statistical purposes. The London boroughs and the City of London together cover the whole Greater London area.
Further information on Greater London and the London boroughs