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The countries of the UK

The top-level division of administrative geography in the UK is the four countries - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

As well as the national government at Westminster, there are also devolved administrations in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.

The UK and its countries: facts and figures

UK England Scotland Wales Northern Ireland
Area (km2) 248531.52 132937.69 80239.47 21224.63 14129.72
Population*
(millions)
62.3 52.2 5.2 3.0 1.8
Popn. density*
(per km2)
257 401 67 145 133
Highest
Mountain
Ben Nevis
(1,344m)
Scafell Pike
(978m)
Ben Nevis
(1,344m)
Snowdon
(1,085m)
Slieve Donard
(852m)
Longest
River
Severn**
(354km)
Thames
(346km)
Tay/Tummel
(188km)
Towy 
(121km)
Bann
(122km)
Largest
Lake
Lough Neagh
(383km2)
Windermere
(14.7km2)
Loch Lomond
(71km2)
Lake Vyrnwy
(4.5km2)
Lough Neagh
(383km2)

 * Mid-2010 population estimates.
** The Severn rises in Wales and flows through England to its estuary in the Bristol Channel.
The Thames and the Towy are the longest rivers entirely in England and Wales respectively.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.